Before a traffic accident
The most important thing is to anticipate the dangers of traffic. The main cause of traffic accidents is not so much in technical failures or poor traffic management as in the erroneous activities of road users. This often means not a particular mistake, but a coincidence of circumstances that has serious consequences.
In many ways, the causes of traffic accidents are psychological. For some reason, people often want to take risks. Taking risks means choosing an action that, in the event of failure, puts a person in a worse position:
- drivers choose a speed that is not suitable in the given situation
- drivers overtake other vehicles dangerously
- pedestrians cross streets in places with poor visibility
- pedestrians cross the road between moving vehicles or the shade of stationary vehicles
- road rules are being consciously ignored
- people ride bikes on the road without knowing traffic rules
Any risk is totally unjustified if the more dangerous solution is only chosen to test one’s abilities. Many people underestimate the dangers and take risks just to bring excitement into their daily routine.
The danger is underestimated for two reasons:
- a person may be aware of the danger, but because of neglect or overestimation of their abilities, they do not let themselves be disturbed by it
The fact that people are aware of the danger and probability of an accident but think it will not happen to them is also a determinant.
In traffic, safety means the ability of a person not to cause dangerous situations when driving, but if such situations emerge, to successfully withstand the threats (regardless of whether they have caused the situation or not). To put it briefly – it is the ability to avoid accidents. It is important to be successful in dealing with unusual situations.