During a traffic accident
In the vehicle
If you are in a vehicle shortly before an accident and you see that collision is inevitable, try to protect yourself.
If the vehicle behind you for some reason is about to collide into your vehicle from the rear, try to push yourself against the back of the seat. Press the back of your head strongly against the head restraint. The most serious danger of collision from the rear is a life-threatening injury of cervical vertebrae.
If the blow is coming from the front and your safety belt is fastened, try to protect your face and eyes with your arms and hands, which reduces the risk of injury from glass shards.
If there is no seat belt, throw yourself onto the seat to prevent a life-threatening stroke against the steering wheel or windscreen.
In vehicles where the rear seats do not have a seat belt, throw yourself onto the seat before the collision.
Consequences and injuries of traffic accidents
Traffic accidents involve very dangerous and complex injuries, which can be very different. Typically, it's multiple fractures of bones, tissue cuts, and visceral rupture. Even if there is no obvious damage, if at first, everything seems to be in order, you have to fear the worst. A traffic accident is usually accompanied by a strong contusion. In a collision with a seemingly negligible speed of 20 km/h, the impact force exceeds the gravity to person's body by 6-7 times. A person cannot reduce the impact of the stroke by their own strength.
In the event of a collision of the front of the vehicle with an object, the speed changes sharply. The unexpected braking is reduced by the bending of the vehicle body, the seat belt, airbag and child-safety chairs. In the event that the seat belt is not fastened, the movement of the people in the vehicle will continue at the same speed against the steering wheel or dashboard. The size of the injuries depends on the elasticity of the tissues and the body weight. Typical are chest injuries caused by the steering wheel, head injuries caused by the breakage of the upper part of the windscreen or glass, damage to the neck part of the spine from the abrupt backward movement of the head and the femoral fractures from the knee blow against the lower edge of the dashboard. Hitting of the driver's head against a steering wheel often causes a rupture of an aorta. Rib and breastbone fractures and heart impact injuries are also typical.
In case of a rear collision of vehicles, the person’s head hits abruptly backward, often causing injury to the neck part of the spine. To avoid injuries, the seat must have a decent head restraint.
In the event of a side impact of vehicles, drivers are usually thrown out of the vehicle, which may result in life-threatening injuries. Other side-impact injuries are caused by a direct mechanical factor. In the event of a vehicle rolls over the roof, passengers will hit their heads against the ceiling of the vehicle, often causing the fracture of the neck portion of the spine, but, if the car door opens, the driver will be thrown out the vehicle.
True, seatbelts can also cause injuries, but they are always less severe than the injuries of those driving without the seat belt. The seat belt can cause rib fractures and clavicle fractures and even liver ruptures.
As a result of a traffic accident, the vehicle may ignite. The main reason for this is leaking fuel or oil and damaged electrical system. The fire of means of transport usually starts at the wiring harness in the engine room (the risk of sparks). The damper of the vehicle is just as dangerous as it has a very high temperature and in case of fuel tank leak, the spilled fuel can ignite. Since vehicles have enough combustible material (wire insulation, fuel, oils, interior fittings, tires) and the rate of fire propagation is very high, it is usually not possible to save much on arrival of the rescue team.
In summary, it can be said that traffic accidents have very serious consequences, due to many different risk factors, and are always unpredictable, so it can be argued that it is much easier to prevent them than to cope with the consequences.