Coastal pollution

Behavioral guidelines for the people in the area of the disaster.

  • people living in and around the polluted area should restrict freedom of movement of domestic animals
  • we ask that the planned social events be postponed if possible
  • in households in the area of pollution, contact the local authority in case of problems and for the satisfaction of primary needs

In the event of extensive coastal pollution, emergency situation is the events identified when (oil) pollution is on the coast, and its elimination is technically complicated process requiring time and resources, causing thereby significant damage to the natural environment (cleaning work starting from 5 tons or beach strip(s) totaling a total of more than 20 km and cleaning takes more than 7 days).

Such coastal pollution causes a great deal of damage to the environment, both to animate and inanimate nature, and to the economic capacity and reputation of the polluted region may deteriorate.

The sustainability of a number of vital services can be disturbed for longer periods: maritime transport, port operation, and rescue operations due to engagement of the special equipment, human resource and management resource.

The emergency situation is closely linked to the large-scale marine pollution abatement capacity, as in most cases, marine pollution converts to extensive coastal pollution if the marine pollution cannot be detected, eradicated or localized.

Dangers causing extensive coastal pollution: marine pollution, discharging of ship emissions (including bilge water and ballast water), pollution extending the port waters, pollutions extending from the places of refuge (e.g., Kunda port of refuge). One of the most common marine casualty types in the Baltic Sea is running aground.

Examples of marine pollution incidents near Estonia in the past 20 years:

  • 1993 tanker Kihnu in Kopli Bay run aground - leaked 100 tons of fuel oil;
  • 2000 tanker Alambra in Muuga port - 250 tonnes of crude oil;
  • January 2006, pollution of the north-west coast, 10 tons of petroleum products were gathered from the beach; 4000-20000 birds died, polluted 35 km coastal strip - extensive coastal pollution;
  • March 2006, a cargo ship Runner4 sunk - 100 tons of petroleum products.
  • In January 2006, one of these cases developed into a coastal pollution incident. The rest also had a risk of coastal pollution, which however did not materialize.