Evacuation and rescuing of people
Each building must have sufficiently spacious and safe escape routes for movement. In the event of a fire or other accident, people will be able to get out through them fast and safely. If possible, always use the marked evacuation routes to escape. These are the safest routes.
If there are many people in the building, there should be evacuation plans on the walls. On these, you will see the floor plan; your own location at the time of reading the plan, the exits, and the location of fire extinguishers and means for sounding an alarm. Such plans must, for example, be on the walls of all schools. If you are studying or working at a school, make sure there is an automatic fire alarm. Also, remember where the alarm buttons are located!
The first task of the rescue workers and everyone else is to help the people in danger immediately. The order of rescuing depends on the nature of the danger.
Departure and rescue in the event of a fire
- It is your own safety that is essential when rescuing people.
- Try to leave the burning building quickly.
- Carefully open the door of a smoke-filled room. The inflow of fresh air can inflate the flames causing an explosion.
- If you do not get out, do not hide. Try to signal your presence in every possible way. Only then will the rescuers see or hear where you are. If you can, go to the window and show yourself.
- If people are out of danger and the rescue team has not yet arrived, evaluate the situation. If possible, start extinguishing the fire and rescuing the property. In doing so, you should never risk life or health. A human being is more important than any expensive property.
- Those who are in immediate danger of fire, dense smoke or high heat must be rescued in the first order.
- When you enter a room where there can be people, call them.
- The frightened children often hide themselves under the bed, in the closet, in the corner or in other places where it is hard to find them. If possible, look for them.
- If you have found a victim, who cannot move by themselves, help them- support, drag, or carry them out.
- Under no circumstances should you run in flaming clothes, it will encourage the fire to go up. Lie down and cover your head. Then the fire will not burn the face, and the hair does not light up. Flames should be dampened by tossing water, a blanket, a carpet or other fabric on burning clothing. If these are not available, roll the victim on the ground. Unfortunately, it may cause more burns.
After the danger is passed
- Help neighbors and the weaker ones - the disabled, the elderly, children, pregnant women, etc.
- Start giving first aid. Call an ambulance even when the people are seemingly healthy. They may be in a shock or have internal injuries.
- When you have left the building, inform others. Then the rescuers will not look for you in vain.
- Stay away from places that are in danger of collapsing. As a result of the fire, the structures of the building may be weakened.
- Do not start cleaning or throwing things away before the processor has investigated the causes of the fire.
- Inform affected people about things that have been destroyed or spoiled. Contact your insurance company as soon as possible. Later it is more difficult to prove the extent of the actual damage.
- Owners of houses subject to heritage conservation must also inform the National Heritage Board about the damage.